The EANL Law, Cognitive Neuroscience & New Technologies Summer School 2016 – Preliminary Program

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The EANL Law, Cognitive Neuroscience & New Technologies Summer School 2016

University of Pavia, Italy

in cooperation with: Collegio Ghislieri, Collegio Castiglioni, Center for Health Technologies the Centre for health Technologies at the UNIPV,  Veronesi Foundation, and the European Law Students Association (ELSA)

Preliminary Program

Monday 5 September 2016

9.30-10.00 am

Welcome session – Prof. Fabio Rugge, Rettore University of Pavia; Prof. Andrea Belvedere, Rettore Collegio Ghislieri, Pavia

10-11.00 am

Introduction to the school

Science and law. Cognitive neuroscience, robotics and law, ethics and Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI)
Amedeo Santosuosso, Gabriella Bottini, Barbara Bottalico, Daniela Ovadia (University of Pavia)

coffee break

11.30 am -1 pm

Opening lecture

From computational neuroscience to AI: the model of the Human Brain Project

Idan Segev

Head of Department of Neurobiology, Institute of Life Sciences
Member the Edmond and Lily Safra Center for Brain Sciences (ELSC)
Co-Director of the HU-Max Planck Center
The David & Inez Myers Chair in Computational Neuroscience
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Chairman: Egidio D’Angelo, Full Professor of Physiology at the Dept. of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia.

 Lunch

3-5 pm

Shared Glossary on Law, Robotics & Neuroscience

Parallel sessions:

Law for non lawyers – Marta Tomasi & Maria Laura Fiorina (University of Pavia)

Neuroscience for non-neuroscientists – Gerardo Salvato (University of Pavia)

Robotics for non roboticistStefano Ramat (Industrial Engineering, University of Pavia)

5-5.30 pm

Q&A – plenary session

Tuesday 6 September 2016

9.15 -11 am

Brain imaging in neuroscience and law
Eraldo Paulesu (Bicocca University, Milan)

Brain imaging, and in particular fMRI, has offered unprecedented opportunities of studying the mind/brain relationship. The advent of fMRI has made such studies affordable and highly accessible with some cases of clear misuse of the technology. In this talk I will briefly introduce the principles behind these techniques, their potentials and limitations with particular reference to the domain of neuroscience and law. I will touch the practical examples of imaging supported assessments of criminal responsibility and capacity to stand trial. I will also discuss the infamous attempts of using functional imaging as a modern lie-detector.

coffee break

 11.30 am -1 pm

Cognitive neuroscience in criminal law
Gerardo Salvato, Gabriella Bottini (University of Pavia)

This session will provide students with an introduction starting from the historical development of cognitive neuroscience to its actual definition. The tight link between this discipline and the Law will be highlighted, framing particularly how cognitive neuroscience can change the perspective of the law and also viceversa. A general understanding of this topic will be reached through examples of cognitive neuroscience instruments and procedures application to the study of memory, emotions and degenerative brain damages that affect these functions. In the second part of the session, the critical questions that emerged for cognitive neuroscience when applied to the domain of forensic evaluation will be presented, together with the actual challenges that this interdisciplinarity poses. The legal issues deriving from the implementation of cognitive neuroscience in criminal law and procedure will be analyzed and discussed. Special focus will be put on how cognitive neuroscience might potentially affect the existing legal doctrinal categories pertaining to culpability (e.g., the category of legal insanity), as well as how neuroscientific techniques might be used in criminal proceedings.

Lunch 

2.30 – 4.00 pm

Criminal Responsibility in different jurisdictions NL, US, Germany and Italy –
Caroline Roediger (University of Manchester, UK), Maria Laura Fiorina (University of Pavia, I), Katy De Kogel, David Roef, Federica Coppola

4.15 – 5.00 pm

Emotions, criminal law and the shift of the rationalist approach to culpability
Federica Coppola (European University Institute, Florence, I) 

5.00 – 5.30

Neuroscience, freedom of expression and speech acts: some remarks
Amedeo Santosuosso (University of Pavia, I)

Wednesday 7 September 2016

9.30 – 10.30 pm

Neuroscience in the courtroom – preliminary results of an international investigation
into the use of neuroscience by defendants in criminal trials

Katy De Kogel, David Roef.

One of the classic areas where commentators have anticipated that neuroscience will be used in the courtroom is by those accused of criminal offences. Much has been written about how such evidence might be used and quite a bit has been written about a few high profile cases. However, until now there has been no systematic investigation into the use of such evidence by those accused of criminal offences. A team of researchers led by Nita Farahany in the USA, Jennifer Chandler in Canada, Katy de Kogel in the Netherlands, Calvin Ho in Singapore and Malaysia and Paul Catley and Lisa Claydon in England and Wales have now undertaken such a review. The session will look at a few of the main findings with particular reference to the findings from England and Wales.

10.30 – 11.30 am

Constitutional aspects at the crossroad of neuroscience and law
TBD

Coffee break

11.45 am – 1 pm

Ethics assessment and ethics impact assessment of neurotechnologies
Daniela Ovadia (University of Pavia, Neuroscience and Society Lab)

Ethics assessment and ethics impact assessment of new technologies are emerging fields that will influence more and more the development of research and innovation but also the norms and laws that will regulate, at national and international level, the introduction of new devices. Ethics assessment of new neurotechnologies is particularly challenging, as it involves both the evaluation of the technology itself – in terms of safety and costs – and of the respect of basic human rights, as the protection of the personal identity and privacy.

lunch

 Wednesday afternoon

  • Time for working on their papers (students)
  • EANL Steering Committee meeting @ Collegio Ghislieri

Thursday 8 September 2016

9.30 – 10.30 am

Key-note Lecture

AI, computation and law

Oliver Goodenough

Director, Center for Legal Innovation and Professor of Law, Vermont Law School, USA 

10.45 – 11.30

Artificial Intelligence and Law
Alessandra Malerba (Ph.D. Erasmus Mundus in Law, Science and Technology, University of Bologna, I)

coffee break

12 am – 1 pm

Autonomy, responsiveness and responsibility in intelligent systems
Giovanni Sartor (European University Institute, Florence, I) 

Lunch break

2.30 – 3.15 pm

Ethics and robotics
Pim Haselager (Radboud University, NL)

3.15 – 4.30 pm

Brain Computer Interfaces – part 1
Stefano Ramat (University of Pavia) TO BE CONFIRMED

4.45 am- 5.30 pm

Brain Computer Interfaces – part 2 (Informed consent)
Caroline Roediger (University of Manchester, UK) – TO BE CONFIRMED

7-8.30

Cafè scientific on robotics

 Friday 9 September 2016

9.30 – 10.30 am

Key-note Lecture

Robotics today

GIORGIO METTA, IIT Genova (I)

10.45-11.30 am

Robotics & law in UK and common law systems
Chris Holder (Bristol LLP)

12.00-1 pm

Robotics & Law in civil law systems
Barbara Bottalico (University of Pavia)

Lunch

2.30 – 3.15 pm

Intelligent artifacts and human rights
Amedeo Santosuosso (University of Pavia)
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) set the idea that human beings are the only beings endowed with reason and conscience, thus exclusively entitled to have fundamental rights and liberties (art.1). This view has been questioned by recent studies on nonhuman animals and by the most recent advances in neuroscience, artificial intelligence and evolutionary and learning robotics. New legal questions are raising, and the theoretical possibility to have consciousness (or, at least, some conscious states) in machines and other cognitive systems is gaining consideration. The possibility of rights and liberties of (totally or partially) artificial intelligent entities (such as robots and intelligent machines) is explored.

3.30 – 4.15

Tim Guhl (KUKA robotics ) – TO BE CONFIRMED

4.30 – 5.30 pm

Robotics and ethical issues
Filippo Santoni De Sio (T.U. Delft, NL)

Saturday 10 September 2016

 9.15 – 10.15

Presentations of students’ works

10.30 – 11.30

Closing keynote lecture
Berndt Carsten Stahl (TO BE CONFIRMED)

Professor of Critical Research in Technology and Director of the Centre for Computing and Social Responsibility, School of Computer Science and Informatics
Faculty of Technology at De Montfort University.

11.30 – 12

Certificate delivery

Closing remarks